提交意见书,保护宗教自由 Submissions needed to protect religious freedom

众所周知,去年议会通过的同性婚姻法案没有就如何保护许多澳大利亚人的宗教信仰自由做出任何重大的修改。

相反,政府将这个问题推迟到今年来考虑。

政府任命了以Hon Phillip Ruddock为主席的专家小组,负责审核澳大利亚现行法律是否为宗教自由人权提供合理的保护。该小组现在接受公众的意见书,提交意见书的截止时间是2018年2月14日星期三下班之前。

As many of you already know, the same-sex marriage legislation that passed Parliament late last year did not contain any significant amendments to protect the religious freedom of many Australians.

Instead, the government postponed the issue for consideration this year.

The expert panel that the government has appointed, chaired by the Hon Phillip Ruddock, has been asked to examine whether Australian law adequately protects the human right of freedom of religion. This panel is receiving submissions until the end of business on Wednesday, 14th February 2018.

亲爱的朋友们,这是我们向政府阐明我们的担忧的机会。ACF将会提交一份意见书,同时,我们也需要尽可能多的人向这次审核提交个人意见书。

这次的意见书只能用你自己的话写——不能使用范本——而且,要尽可能集中阐述宗教信仰自由为什么对你个人十分重要,不要使用假设的情况或海外的例子。

Friends, this is our chance to make our concerns clear to the government. ACF will be making a submission, but we also need as many individuals as possible to write their own personal submission to this review.

These submissions should be written in your own words – not using templates – and, where possible, should focus on why religious freedom matters personally to you, rather than using hypothetical situations or overseas experiences.

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意见书的提交方式可以有以下几项选择:

1、发送电子邮件至:religiousfreedom@pmc.gov.au;

2、网上提交:https://pmc.gov.au/domestic-policy/religious-freedom-review/submission; 或者

3、将意见书邮寄至以下地址:

The Expert Panel on Religious Freedom

C/O Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

PO Box 6500

Canberra ACT 2600

Australia



The options for making a submission are:

  1.      Submissions made by email: religiousfreedom@pmc.gov.au;
  2.      Online submissions: https://pmc.gov.au/domestic-policy/religious-freedom-review/submission; or
  3.      Written submissions may also be lodged by posting them to:

 

The Expert Panel on Religious Freedom

C/O Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet

PO Box 6500

Canberra ACT 2600

Australia

 

专家小组预计在2018年3月31日之前向总理汇报他们的审核结果。

The panel is expected to report its findings to the Prime Minister by 31st March 2018.

 

下面我们为您提供一些参考意见,帮助您撰写自己的意见书。请您记得使用自己的语言并采用个人的例子。以下的一些例子供您参考。

Here are some ideas for you to use as you write your own submission. Please remember to write in your own words and include personal examples. We have included some examples below that may help you with your writing.

 

关于宗教信仰自由重要性的例子:

1、允许自由地表达基督教(或其他信仰)信仰,在工作场所不会被强迫做违背信仰的事。

2、法律保护我不会因为公开表达基督教信仰(或其他信仰)(例如有关婚姻、学校性教育和安乐死等)而被取消专业执照/注册。

3、我的子女就读公立学校时不会被强迫参加违背家庭信仰的性和意识形态教育。

或者

有自由选择由基督徒担任老师的基督教教育。(或者其他信仰)

{例如:作为基督徒家长,我认为按照基督信仰来养育我的孩子十分重要。我认为当某些课堂教授的内容与我们的信仰相违背时,父母应该有权让孩子退出此类课程,而且,父母应该有权选择将孩子送到以信仰为根基,有自由根据自己的宗教价值观来开展教育的学校。}

4、宗教机构不会被迫为违背自己核心宗教价值观的活动提供服务和场所,宗教主体(包括学校)有权聘用与本机构宗教观一致的职员。

这些宗教机构为广大人民提供最基本的服务和强有力的社区,他们不应该被迫就是否在信仰上让步和或者失去政府拨款之间做出选择。

5、有参与运作方式和我的信仰相一致的慈善机构来服务社会的自由。

我认为慈善机构有根据他们的核心宗教信仰来制定政策和运作的自由。

 

请记住,一定要使用您个人的例子。

 

Examples of how freedom of religion is important:

  1. For being allowed to voice my Christian (or other faiths) beliefs and not be forced to act against my beliefs at my workplace.
  2. For being protected from having my professional license / registration taken away because of voicing out my Christian (or other faith’s) beliefs (e.g. on marriage and sexual education in schools, euthanasia etc.)
  3. To not have my children be forced to undertake sexual and ideological education against their family's belief at a government school.

Or

To have the freedom to choose a Christian (or other faith’s) education taught by Christian teachers.

[e.g. as a Christian parent, it is important to me that I’m able to raise my child in accordance with my Christian beliefs. I believe parents should have the right to withdraw children from certain classes if what is being taught is against our religious beliefs, and that parents should have the choice to go to a faith-based school that has the freedom to teach according to its religious values]

  1. For religious institutions to not be coerced into providing services and facilities for events that are against its core religious values, and for the right of religious bodies (including schools) to recruit staff who share the religious ethos of the institution.

These religious institutions should not be forced to choose between compromising their religious values or lose government funding as they provide essential services and a strong community for a substantial part of the population.

  1. For the freedom to contribute to society through being involved with charities that are run according to my faith.

I believe in the rights of charities to have freedom in relation to their policies and practices to act according to their core religious beliefs.

 

Remember, please give examples from your personal life.

 

为澳大利亚宗教信仰自由提供积极的正式的法律保护的必要性

澳大利亚几乎没有正式法律来保护宗教信仰自由。

宗教信仰自由受到反歧视法的威胁,导致宗教言论受到限制。不论是基督徒、佛教徒、犹太教徒、穆斯林或其他宗教人士,联邦反歧视法不为他们的信仰提供反歧视保护。然而,基于年龄、残疾、种族、性别、双性别身份、性别认知和性取向等因素都受到反歧视法的保护,唯有宗教信仰例外,这是自相矛盾的。

我个人对反歧视法的近况十分担忧,我认为反歧视法一直将某些利害关系置于宗教信仰之上:宗教信仰不应该是一个例外,而是一项真实的,应该获得承认的权利。

运用您的工作场所/学校/社区的实例来解释说明您所看到的言论自由受到反歧视法威胁的情况,指出在反歧视法中加入免责条款会被未来的一些不关心宗教自由的政府撤回,只有正面的立法才能有效保护宗教自由。

 

The need for positive formal legal protection of freedom of religion in Australia

There is very little formal legal protection of freedom of religion in Australia.

Religious Freedom is under threat from anti-discrimination laws that have the effect of restricting religious speech.  People of faith whether Christian, Buddhists, Hindi, Jew, Muslim or any other are not protected from discrimination in Federal anti-discrimination law based on their religion.  It is inconsistent that age, disability, race, sex, intersex status, gender identity and sexual orientation are all protected attributes, but religious belief is not.

I am concerned at the development of anti-discrimination laws which, in my view, continue to place certain interests above those of religious belief; religious belief should not be an exception, but rather a substantive, recognised right.

Explain the environment of your work / school / community where you can see that freedom of speech is under threat from anti-discrimination law and why, instead of putting in exemptions from anti-discrimination laws, which can be rolled back by future unsympathetic governments, that positive legislations that actively protect religious freedom is required.

 

对专家小组的建议:

我认为宗教言论自由应该和现有联邦反歧视法中的其他属性一样得到保护。

我认为政府应该提供一个反侵害的条款,禁止政府因宗教信仰的原因解雇政府职员或注销专业人士执照。个人应拥有权利对同性婚姻和其他问题表达宗教观点,其就业和职业注册登记不会因此受到不利影响。

我认为政府应该提供一个反侵害的条款,防止政府资助/慈善注册/其他认证因为与某项测试挂钩,导致因宗教信仰而丧失资格。

我认为政府应该禁止强迫他人从事违背良心或信仰的行为 ——例如医生被迫堕胎或安乐死病人。

我认为政府应该保护父母或监护人的权利,确保他们的子女的宗教和道德教育符合自己的家庭和宗教价值。

我认为政府应该保护神职人员、教会和宗教机构根据自己的宗教信仰运作的权利,并允许他们雇用与自己宗教信仰一致的职员。

 

Recommendations to the panel:

I believe freedom of religious speech should be protected in the same way that other attributes are currently protected under Federal anti-discrimination laws.

I believe that the government should provide an anti-detriment provision that prevents government employment or professional registrations to be removed from individuals because of their religious beliefs. Individuals should have the right to express their religious views on same-sex marriage and other issues without detrimental effects to their employment and professional registration.

I believe that the government should provide an anti-detriment provision that prevents government funding / charity registration / other accreditations being tied to a test that disqualifies a religious body due to religious belief.

I believe that the government should put in place protection against compulsion to perform acts which are contrary to conscience or belief – e.g., doctors being forced to perform abortions or to euthanise a patient.

I believe the government should protect the right of parents or guardians to ensure that the religious and moral education of their children are in conformity with their own family and religious values.

I believe the government should protect the rights of ministers of religion, churches and religious institutions to act according to their religious beliefs and be allowed to employ staff who share their religious values.

 

致谢,并同意公开发表

感谢专家组提供机会参与如此重要的审核,并且同意您所提交的内容由专家组在默认的公开收到的提交清单中公布。

Thank you, and give consent for publishing

Thank the panel for this chance to contribute to this important review and give your consent for your submission to be published by the panel among its default, public list of submissions received.

 

请将此信息分享给您所认识的关心这件大事的人。

现在我们必须一起行动来保护我们国家的宗教信仰自由。

谢谢!

Please share this information to others who you know are concerned about this important matter.

This is an action we should all take together to obtain the best outcome for religious freedom in our country.

Thank you!